According to Albert Schweitzer, millions of human beings have been killed, uncountable plants and animals have been destroyed on the name of wars and conflicts, and environment has been polluted because of the usage of chemical weapons but no one, in reality, could win any war. The most disgusting element is that every nation has a number of justifications over killing other human fellows. If all human beings start to respect other lives, there would be no war, no conflict and no sufferings for any human being.
At least 108 million people were killed in wars in the twentieth century. Estimates for the total number killed in wars throughout all of human history range from 150 million to 1 billion. War has several other effects on population, including decreasing the birthrate by taking men away from their wives
The cost of the Gulf War was approximately $76 billion. Vietnam cost $500 billion; the Korean War, $336 billion; and World War II, almost $3 trillion. By far the most, costly war in terms of human life was World War II (1939–45), in which the total number of fatalities, including battle deaths and civilians of all countries, is estimated to have been 56.4 million, assuming 26.6 million Soviet fatalities and 7.8 million Chinese civilians were killed. The country that suffered most in proportion to its population was Poland, with 6,028,000 or 17.2 per cent of its population of 35,100,000 killed.
The stunning mountain region has known little but conflict since 1947, when British rule of the subcontinent ended with the creation of India and Pakistan. In 1947, the kingdom of Jammu and Kashmir was asked to join with either India or Pakistan. But Maharaja Hari Singh, the unpopular Hindu ruler of the Muslim-majority region, wanted to stay independent.
The ongoing anti-India insurgency in Kashmir will be 30 years old in 2019. Max Boot, an American scholar, says in his book, Invisible Armies: An Epic History of Guerrilla Warfare from the Ancient Times to the Present, that the average insurgency post-1945 has lasted 14 years.
The insurgency in Kashmir began around the time the Soviet Union collapsed, Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait, and Francis Fukuyama announced the ‘End of History’. A string of catastrophic events followed. The Kashmir insurgency is still going strong and has entered an unprecedentedly resurgent mode in its 30th year.
More than 4600 security personnel, 13500 civilians and 15937 militants including 3000 from outside Jammu and Kashmir (mostly Pakistanis and some Afghans) were killed in this fourteen-year period. Also in this period, 55,538 incidents of violence were recorded. Statistics, however revealing on the face of it, do not always tell the full story. Calling it the highest militarized zone in the world hardly throws any light on what it means to live in such a place.
All the casualties irrespective of from where they belong & what they were wearing, all of them were HUMANS. Humans are killing humans just for the piece of land or for the freedom to live their own life. The one who wears armed forces uniform doesn’t even know why he is killing unknown person, the one who is in civilian dress doesn’t even know why he is killing any particular Armed Forces Personnel. At the end of the day whatever the number of casualties only HUMANS SUFFER. Kashmir’s insurgency is poised to last as long as the world remains indifferent to the suffering of a people brutalised by decades of political uncertainty, and three decades of crushing military control.
In a study published in Scientific American, Ferguson argues that war may not be in our nature at all. People might fight and sometimes kill for personal reasons, but homicide, he argues, is not war.
“There is definitely controversy in the field when it comes to this question,” says Ferguson, who studies human nature, war and peace. “But it is the overall circumstances that we live in that creates the impulse to go or not go to war.”
In his study, “War May Not Be in Our Nature After All. Why We Fight”, Ferguson reached back thousands of years to look at the historical roots of warfare to shed light on whether humans have always made war or if armed conflict has only emerged as changing social conditions provided the motivation and organization to collectively kill.
Only HUMANS can resolve the Kashmir Conflict. Those who are in Uniform with weapons, Politicians, Leaders & Kashmiri’s must understand that they all needs to be HUMANS to resolve the conflict. Humanity is the only weapon & language which can resolve any conflict. HUMANITY is above all the Religions, languages, caste, color & borders. Once we start dialogues as HUMANS considering others as HUMANS than automatically our Priorities will change & we start thinking & acting for betterment of HUMANS & Humanity. Our religion, language, color & caste are might be different but one thing which we carry in our bodies are same “THE COLOR OF OUR BLOOD”.
It’s time we think above religion. It’s time we think above our cultural values. It’s time we think above gender. It’s time we think above the states, regions and languages. It’s time we forget all borders. It’s time to keep humanity above all. It’s time we support fellow humans. Let’s build & grow Humanity.

Mohsin Durrani

Ambassador at Large 

General Coordinator Asia Pacific Region 

Advisor UN Affairs 

International Human Rights Commission 

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